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Biotinylated Platelets: A Promising Labeling Technique?
Biotinylated Platelets: A Promising Labeling Technique?

Biotinylated Platelets: A Promising Labeling Technique?

Biotinylated Platelets: A Promising Labeling Technique?

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🎓 Citation Information:

  • Author(s): Stefan F. van Wonderen, Floor L.F. van Baarle, Sanne de Bruin, Anna L. Peters, Dirk de Korte, Robin van Bruggen, Alexander P.J. Vlaar
  • Title: Biotinylated Platelets: A Promising Labeling Technique?
  • Journal/Source: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
  • Publication Year: 2023
  • Pages: 150719
  • DOI/URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tmrv.2023.01.001 ↗
  • Affiliation: Amsterdam UMC location University of Amsterdam, Department of Intensive Care and Laboratory of Experimental Intensive Care and Anesthesiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, University of Utrecht, Sanquin Research and Landsteiner Laboratory, Department of Blood Cell Research

🌌 Contextual Insight:

  • In a Sentence: This review highlights advances in using biotinylation to label platelets as a non-radioactive alternative for measuring platelet recovery and survival after transfusion in human research.
  • Keywords: biotinylation, platelets, transfusion, labeling, recovery, survival
  • Gap/Need: Existing gap in non-radioactive platelet labeling techniques for measuring outcomes in human recipients.
  • Novelty: Highlights improvements to biotinylation protocols that reduce platelet activation and increase labeling efficiency/consistency.
  • Target Audience: Researchers studying platelet transfusion outcomes in vivo.
  • Jargon Density: Relatively easy to understand for those familiar with basic transfusion medicine concepts. Some specialized terminology defined.
  • Recommendation: Recommend for intermediate/expert readers in transfusion medicine or hematology.

🧭 Purpose/Objective:

  • Goal: Provide an overview of advances in using biotinylated platelets (bioPLTs) for human research by describing important studies and highlighting opportunities to optimize the technique.
  • Research Questions/Hypotheses: Not applicable as this is a review paper.
  • Significance: Establish bioPLTs as a viable alternative to radioactive labeling for measuring platelet recovery/survival after transfusion, enabling further human research in this area.

Background Knowledge:

  • Core Concepts: Platelet transfusion, labeling, recovery, survival
  • Preliminary Theories: N/A
  • Contextual Timeline: Radioactive labeling used historically but has drawbacks. Stohlawetz et al first demonstrated biotinylation in humans in 1999.
  • Prior Research: Stohlawetz et al 1999 study demonstrating safety and feasibility of biotinylated platelet transfusion.
  • Terminology: Biotinylation, bioPLTs, P-selectin, NHS-biotin, PAS


  • Research Design & Rationale: Review of 4 key primary studies on biotinylated platelet advances.
  • Participants/Subjects: N/A
  • Instruments/Tools: N/A
  • Data Collection: N/A
  • Data Analysis Techniques: N/A
  • Ethical Considerations: N/A
  • Comparison to Standard: Follows standard practices for review papers.
  • Replicability Score: N/A as this is a review, not primary research.

📊 Main Results/Findings:

  • Metrics: Labeling efficiency, platelet activation markers, recovery rates
  • Graphs/Tables: Table 1 compares biotinylation procedures between studies
  • Outcomes: Increased labeling efficiency and consistency, reduced activation, recovery rates up to 3.4% at 24 hours
  • Data & Code Availability: N/A
  • Statistical Significance: Some p-value reporting in referenced primary studies
  • Unintended Findings: N/A

Discussion & Interpretation:

  • Authors’ Views: Biotinylation shows promise but activation remains an issue warranting further efforts
  • Comparative Analysis: Generally aligned with prior research while highlighting technical improvements
  • Contradictions: None noted


  • List: Review nature limits conclusions; relies on reported details from primary references
  • Mitigations: N/A


  • Takeaways: Biotinylation a promising non-radioactive alternative with optimization ongoing
  • Practical Implications: Could enable expanded human platelet research if validated at scale
  • Potential Impact: Greater understanding of platelet transfusion outcomes to improve patient care

Future Work:

  • Authors’ Proposals: Further biotinylation optimization to minimize activation; validation in larger trials

References: Numerous references to primary biotinylation studies


  • Significance: Relevant to transfusion medicine researchers
  • Real-world Implications: Potential to enhance platelet transfusion management and outcomes

Textual Mind Map:

  • Introduction
    • Central Ideas: History of platelet labeling, overview of biotinylation benefits
    • Facts: Radioactivity concerns, biotin binds membrane proteins
    • Arguments: Need for non-radioactive alternative for human research
  • Safety of Transfusing Biotin-Labeled Platelets in Humans
    • Central Ideas: Stohlawetz et al 1999 study
    • Facts: Labeling efficiency ranged 62-83%, P-selectin expression increased post-labeling
    • Arguments: First to show biotinylated platelet transfusion feasibility and safety
  • Standardized Biotinylation Protocol
    • Central Ideas: De Bruin et al 2019 study
    • Facts: Increased efficiency to 98.4-99% with consistent protocol
    • Arguments: Reproducible GMP-compliant method addresses limitations
  • Non-Washing Biotinylation Method
    • Central Ideas: Muret et al 2021/2022 studies
    • Facts: Avoided washing steps to reduce activation
    • Arguments: Potential for simplified real-world implementation
  • Distinguishing Multiple Biotinylated Platelet Populations
    • Central Ideas: Ravanat et al 2021 study
    • Facts: Used low and high biotin densities
    • Arguments: Enables concurrent monitoring of platelet subpopulations
  • Discussion
    • Central Ideas: Assessment of reported advances
    • Interconnections: Compares outcomes across referenced studies

Key Quotes:

“Biotinylation is an alternative, nonradioactive, PLT labeling method.”

“A standardized and reproducible protocol for biotin labeling of PLTs as a promising method to trace and isolate transfused PLTs in vivo, with reduced levels of PLT activation markers.”

Personal Insights/Comments:

  • The review effectively synthesizes key biotinylation studies to demonstrate technical improvements over time
  • Optimizing the biotinylation process to minimize platelet activation remains an important open question
  • Larger prospective clinical trials would help validate biotinylated platelets for standard transfusion research practices
  • With further refinement, biotinylation could offer a safer replacement to radioactive platelet labeling techniques
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